Friday, 15 February 2013

MarkLogic Java client

MarkLogic is a NoSQL document database that allows to handle XML efficiently.

Let's take a look how to setup MarkLogic database instance on a local machine and write a simple application that will perform CRUD and searching operations on XML documents.

First of all, we will need to download MarkLogic server (account is required).
Installation and starting procedures are described here - they're pretty straightforward.
When server is already started, we need to create a new database with REST API instance and a user having write access - follow this link.
REST is used by the Java client as a communication protocol but we can also use it manually in our browser.

Once database is created we can start writing the client code.

Let's start with setting up required dependencies:
To use MarkLogic Java client we need to specify MarkLogic maven repository. We'll also use xml-matchers library to compare created XML documents.

Here's an example of XML document that will be representing person:
Let's define an interface that will allow some simple CRUD and searching operations:
The sample implementation could look like:
In order to perform CRUD operations we need to have DocumentManager object (in our case XMLDocumentManager as we're handling XML). It is thread-safe object (can be shared across multiple threads) and its usage is quite intuitive. Each operation needs a specific handle object - as our interface declared String, we'll use StringHandle that is being populated with the result by manager.

To do query operations QueryManager is required. There are many types of queries, we'll use searching by element value.
It's a little bit more complicated than simple CRUD operations - SearchHandle object is initially populated by running the query on query manager.
Then we're iterating over each SearchHandle's result represented by MatchDocumentSummary object and retrieve its URI, that is given to DocumentManager that reads full document. 
Please note that the number of returned documents has been limited to 10.

The integration test (it requires running MarkLogic server):
In setUp() method DatabaseClientFactory creates DatabaseClient based on the given credentials (they need to be the same as the one used during setting up the database).
Once we have the client we can create managers needed by the implementation.

One thing to note: when manager cannot find the document it throws ResourceNotFoundException.

The whole project can be found at github.

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